HAMAS


HAMAS
HAMAS (Arab. "zeal"; abbreviation of harakat muqawama alislamiyya – Islamic Resistance Movement), Palestinian Islamic movement engaged in community activity and armed struggle against Israel; from 2006 the majority party in the Palestinian parliament and government. Hamas was officially founded during the first intifada in 1988 under the leadership of Sheikh   Ahmad Yasin (later assassinated by Israel) as a branch of the Muslim Brotherhood, operating both in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. From its establishment it remained the main opposition to the palestine liberation organization and, from 1993, to the peace process. Throughout this period it launched particularly violent terrorist attacks against Israeli civilians while expanding its civil base through wide-ranging social services to the Palestinian population, including schools, hospitals, mosques, family centers, and welfare. Establishing its political bureau abroad to protect it against Israeli crackdowns, it also sought legitimacy by running in Palestinian elections. With increasing popular support and charges of corruption being leveled against the palestinian authority , it scored an upset victory in the January 2006 parliamentary elections and formed a new government replacing the Palestine Liberation Organization in power. Attacks against Israel continued, however, until Israel again entered Gaza in summer 2006. For a summary of the latter events, see israel , State of: Historical Survey; for a detailed review of Israel's war against terrorism, see israel , State of: Israel Defense Forces ("The War against Terrorism"). See also Palestine Authority; palestine liberation organization .

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • HAMAS — Emblème du Hamas Le Hamas, en arabe : حماس, acronyme partiel de harakat al muqâwama al islâmiya (حركة المقاومة الإسلامية), « mouvement de résistance islamique »), est un parti politique islamiste qui œuvre pour l instauration d un… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hamas — Logo officiel Données clés Nom arabe حماس …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hamás — Hamas حركة المقاومة الاسلامية Bandera con la Shahada, utilizada por los seguidores Hamás Operacional 1987 presente Liderado por Khaled Mashaal, Ismail Haniyah, Mahmoud Zahar …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hamas — Hamás (en árabe حماس, entusiasmo), acrónimo de Harakat al Muqáwama al Islamiya (حركة المقاومة الاسلامية, Movimiento de Resistencia Islámica) es una organización terrorista islamista palestina que utiliza el terrorismo en su lucha contra el estado …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Hamas — Hàmas (Hamȁs) m DEFINICIJA pol. ekstremistička islamska organizacija na Zapadnoj obali i u Gazi, osnovana 1987. kao ogranak panarapske organizacije Muslimanska braća; cilj joj je stvoriti islamsku državu u Palestini, protivi se bilo kakvom… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Hamas — mouvement politico religieux palestinien créé en 1987. Il rejette les accords de paix conclus en 1993 entre l O.L.P. et Israël …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Hamas — Nom de personne arabe qui signifie enthousiasme, ardeur . Dérivé : Hamsi …   Noms de famille

  • Hamas — [hä mäs′, hä′mäs΄] n. [Ar] a militant Palestinian Islamic organization operating in opposition to Israel …   English World dictionary

  • Hamas — حركة المقاومة الاسلامية …   Wikipedia

  • Hamas — Die Flagge der Hamas, eine Kalligrafie der Schahāda vor grünem Hintergrund. Das Hamas Emblem zeigt zwei gekreuzte Schwerter …   Deutsch Wikipedia